Most woodlands contain a great variety of plants, fungi, bacteria and animal life as well as a mix of broadleaf trees and conifers. Such complex biodiversity is often finely balanced and needs careful management if it is to be conserved while providing important economic resources and (often) recreational space. Field & Forest Services carry out a range of activities to maintain the necessary balance for woodland conservation:
- Coppicing, pollarding, thinning and timber harvesting to maximise economic yield and ensure there is enough light for vital plant and insect life to thrive
- Maintaining ample dead wood on the ground to provide insect habitat and enable fungi and bacteria to recycle dead material into reusable nutrients that fuel new plant growth
- Replanting cleared areas of woodland to maintain the supply of healthy young trees in years to come, to encourage plant diversity, to ensure a variety of light levels, and to enhance animal diversity
- Control of invasive species such as Rhododendron that can block physical access to the woods, eradicate ground cover plants and interfere with natural regeneration of trees
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